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Asian Journal of Multidimensional Research (AJMR)
Year : 2017, Volume : 6, Issue : 6
First page : ( 87) Last page : ( 104)
Online ISSN : 2278-4853.

Participation of Subaltern in Quit India in Orissa with Reference to Cuttack District

Dr. Sethi Pravat Ranajn

Guest Faculty, Email id: pravatjnu@gmail.com

Online published on 24 August, 2017.

Abstract

Orissa, situated in the eastern coast of India has been the linkage amongst the north and south. It was renowned for naval trade having a vast region of the country as hinterland. East India Company made its presence felt in Orissa when it came to Hariharpur and obtained consent from the ruler for free trade. Due to firmnative hostility they went out to a port site at Pipili on Balasore. There also they faced the same local antagonism which bound them to procurement the present site of Calcutta. Thereafter, the East India Company occupied Oriya speaking tracts and it was tri-sected to append to the then Bengal, Madras and Central province territories by 1803. In the early nineteen century, the first generation of English educated Oriyas participated in the British administration. Ruling Chiefs of the princely States and landed aristocrats patronized art and literature and for amalgamation of all Oriya-speaking tracts under a single administration. Thus, started the Utkal Union Conference in 1903 under the able leadership of lawyer Madhusudan Das Liberals, having lost their faith in the Congress, concentrated in the Oriya movement to translate their dreams for a united Oriya speaking tract. Gopabandhu Das started an open-air school, as a residential institution, to tteach boys in modern education with patriotic commitment. Besides education, the students were to undertake relief work and other social reform ventures. Gopabandhu and his associates linked the mainstream of struggle under the guidance of Gandhiji in 1920 at the Nagpur session of the Indian National Congress when it decided in principle for linguistic reorganisation of provinces. During Second World War in the coalition Government of Orissa, poet-patriot Godavarish Mishra spread higher education in Orissa. People in princely States revolted alongside the inhuman oppression to suppress peoples’ democratic aspirations. The freedom fighter Hare Krushna Mahatab who was a maker of modern Orissa and became the Prime Minister of Orissa in 1946.

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Keywords

Hostility, aristocrats, oriya, coalition, freedom struggle, princely states etc.

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