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Agricultural Economics Researh Review
Year : 2008, Volume : 21, Issue : 1
First page : ( 130) Last page : ( 138)
Print ISSN : 0971-3441.

Export of Cucumber and Gherkin from India: Performance, Destinations, Competitiveness and Determinants

Kumar Nalini Ranjan*, Rai A.B., Rai Mathura

Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Jakhini, (Shahanshahpur), Varanasi - 221 305, Uttar Pradesh.

*Author for correspondece, E-mail: nrkumar85@hotmail.com

This paper has been drawn from the on going research project entitled “Assessment of Marketing System and Projection for Vegetables Export from India” at the Institute.


The performance, competitiveness, major destinations and determinants of cucumber and gherkin export from India have been studied. Export performance ratio has been used to estimate the competitiveness, and log linear type of demand function has been used to determine the export determinants. It has been observed that India has made tremendous progress in the export of cucumber and gherkin products during the past 15 years (1990–2005). The export has increased by about 128.5-times with an impressive annual compound growth rate of 37.46 per cent, as against only 4.38 per cent in the world market. The major export destinations for cucumber and gherkin have been identified as France, USA, Russia, Belgium and Spain. An increasing and high value of revealed comparative advantage (RCA) and a positive and increasing value for revealed symmetric comparative advantage (RSCA) have indicated high potential in their export, particularly for the provisionally-preserved and prepared/preserved products. One per cent increase in volume of international trade in cucumber and gherkin may increase the demand from India by 5.96 per cent. This indicates that India is highly competitive in export of cucumber and gherkin and has ample scope to further increase its export. The study has also revealed that exchange rate is a more dominant determinant of export from India than price of commodity.


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