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Agro-Economist
Year : 2014, Volume : 1, Issue : 1
First page : ( 1) Last page : ( 7)
Print ISSN : 2350-0786. Online ISSN : 2394-8159.

Agriculture Innovation System Approach for Sustainable Agriculture Development: A Review

Sharma Rakesh1, Peshin Rajinder2, Khar Sanjay3, Ishar Arvind K.4

1Agricultural Extension, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Rajouri, Sher-E-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu

2Division of Agricultural Extension Education, Sher-E-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu

3Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Jammu, Sher-E-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu

4Plant Protection, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Rajouri, Sher-E-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu

Corresponding author:

Online published on 16 February, 2015.

Abstract

With the change in context of agricultural development, the innovation approaches has also changed. Different approaches namely National Agricultural Research System (NARS), Agriculture Knowledge and Information System (AKIS), farmer first and last, Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and Public Private Partnerships (PPP) are/have come up to mitigate rapid changes over the years. The present agricultural research efforts are failing to bring about the social and economic transformations due to one or the other reasons. To cope, compete and survive in emerging challenges, it becomes necessary to develop new approaches. In this context, the concept of Agriculture Innovation System (AIS) approach offers a new framework for analyzing the role of science and technology and their interaction with other actors to generate goods and services. It recognizes the importance of certain types of relationships and linkages for information flow in ever-changing biophysical and social environments. There are some success stories of Agricultural Innovation System in the developing and the developed countries namely shrimp farming and small scale food processing in Bangladesh, medicinal plants and Vanilla sectors in India, Pineapple and Cassava processing sectors in Ghana and production and marketing of agricultural commodities by U.K Co-operatives in United Kingdom. Thus, the innovation is viewed in a social and economic sense and not purely as a discovery and invention. The concept of an innovation has guided a more holistic approach to planning knowledge production and use.

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Keywords

National Agricultural Research System (NARS), Agriculture Knowledge and Information System (AKIS), Agriculture Innovation System (AIS).

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