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ACADEMICIA: An International Multidisciplinary Research Journal
Year : 2017, Volume : 7, Issue : 1
First page : ( 91) Last page : ( 103)
Online ISSN : 2249-7137.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2249-7137.2017.00007.6

Role of shg in tribal development by NGO

Geeta N.

Assistant Professor, Chaitanya Degree College, Hanamkonda, Telangana

Online published on 4 February, 2017.

Abstract

International non-governmental organizations have a history dating back to at least 1839 it has been estimated that by 1914, there were 1083 NGOs. International NGOs were important in the anti-slavery movement and the movement for women's suffrage, and reached a peak at the time of the World Disarmament Conference. However, the phrase "non-governmental Organization" only came into popular use with the establishment of the United Nations Organization in 1945 with provisions in Article 71 of Chapter 10 of the United Nations Charter for a consultative role for organizations which are neither governments nor member States—see Consultative Status. Globalization during the 20th century gave rise to the importance of NGOs. Many problems could not be solved within a nation. NGOs have developed to emphasize humanitarian issues, developmental aid and sustainable development. Interims of environmental issues and sustainable development, the Earth Summit in Rio in 1992was the first to show the power of international NGOs, when about 2, 400 representatives of NGOs came to play a central role in deliberations. Some have argued that in forums like these, NGOs take the place of what should belong to popular movements of the poor. The role of NGOs in the SHG programmers is to support women to encourage and launch groups, provide training and aid in the group's effort, both its inner operations and its interaction with banks and other organizations. Its infrastructure and team capability tolerate it to endow with strong and steady sustain in reaction to the needs of the SHGs, which vary according to neighborhood issues and stages of enlargement. This research study is to assess the impact of NGO's in tribal areas through promoting education to children & women and their participating through SHGs with special reference. From the above analysis it is concluded that SHGs are developed as a tool for poverty alleviation in different countries of the world. Basically SHGs are developed as a micro finance unit and they gradually move on to more complex income and employment generation activity.

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Keywords

Self-Help Group, Tribal development, Non-Government Organization, Education, Children, Women empowerment and Tribal Participation.

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