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ACADEMICIA: An International Multidisciplinary Research Journal
Year : 2020, Volume : 10, Issue : 6
First page : ( 1433) Last page : ( 1442)
Online ISSN : 2249-7137.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2249-7137.2020.00763.6

Sexual behavior of left behind wife and potential migrant in India

Dr Shaheen Anjum*, Dr Mehra Sunil*, Nair Vandana**, Singh Rajesh Ranjan***, Dr. Roy Suchismita****

*Monitoring, Evaluation & Research Division, MAMTA Health Institute for Mother & Child, New Delhi, India. Email id: anjums@mamtahimc.org

**Technical Adviser, Jhepigo, New Delhi, India

***Wish foundation, New Delhi, India

****TISS, Kolkata, India

Online published on 10 August, 2020.



The paper explores sexual behavior across migrant and left behind populations along with the use of condom in different relationships.


Mixed method crosssectional study captured wives of migrants (891), potential migrants (881), and migrant husbands (40). Demographic characteristics (age, education, and employment status), knowledge of HIV (transmission and prevention) and sexual behavior (number of partners and condom use) was gathered. Descriptive and bivariate analyses was used for quantitative findings, whereas content analysis was done for qualitative data.


The degree of sexual network was highest for migrant husbands and potential migrants. Knowledge about condomsdownplaying HIV/STI risk was lowest among wives of migrants (6%), followed by migrants (10%) and potential migrants (37%). Results indicate low condom use with primary partner and increase with the rise in number of relationships. An unmet need to promote the condom as triple protection measure has been felt during the study.


The paper stipulates an urgent necessity for further evidence-based study on promoting safe sexual practices amongst wives, who are left behind along with their partners.



Migrant, Sexual Network, Condom, Wives Of Migrants, Sexual Behavior.


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