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Year : 2021, Volume : 23, Issue : 3
First page : ( 268) Last page : ( 276)
Print ISSN : 0972-0979. Online ISSN : 0974-4517. Published online : 2021 September 30.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-4517.2021.00032.X

A New Species of Copepod Caligus polynemi N. Sp. From Polynemid Fishes of Visakhapatnam Coast, Bay of Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, India

Gudivada Mani1, Vankara Anu Prasanna2*, Chikkam Vijayalakshmi1

1Department of Zoology, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam - 513 003, Andhra Pradesh (India)

2Department of Animal Sciences, Yogi Vemana University, YSR, Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh - 516 005 (India)

*e-mail: annuprasanna@gmail.com; drgmani@gmail.com

Received:  22  ,  2021; Accepted:  18  ,  2021.


Caligids are one of the most frequently occurring copepod parasites of marine and brackish water fishes, which cause a great havoc to the mariculture. There is a huge biodiversity of marine fishes and their parasites in the Bay of Bengal. The present study was aimed to unravel the copepod parasite diversity in marine thread fin fishes of Visakhapatnam coast, Andhra Pradesh (India). A new species of Caligus Muller, 1785 was obtained from the gills of 77 Polydactylus plebeius (Broussonet) and 55 Leptomelanosoma indicum (Shaw) of Visakhapatnam coast, India, fixed in 10% formalin and cleared in a few drops of lactic acid for 12–24 h before identification. The species was characterized by having urn-shaped genital segment, large lunules, indistinctly two-segmented abdomen, converging tines of sternal fork, presence of three rows of teeth on the middle segment of endopod of 2nd leg, three segmented 4th leg and absence of ventral setae on distal segment of 1st leg. Based on above differences in vital diagnostic features and their occurrence in polynemid fishes, they are regarded as new species of Caligus and named as Caligus polynemi> n. sp. Further monitoring surveys may enable sustainable marine fish farming by exploring unknown species from different geographical locations and develop various pest management and conservation strategies against them to safeguard marine life.



Caligus polynemiLeptomelanosoma indicumPolydactylus plebeius, Visakhapatnam coast.


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