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Vegetos- An International Journal of Plant Research
Year : 2005, Volume : 18, Issue : 1and2
First page : ( 19) Last page : ( 22)
Print ISSN : 0970-4078.

Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy in Diabetics Population

Sharma Sunita, Saxena Rupali, Mehrotra Somesh*

Pest and Parasite Research Laboratory, P. G. Department of Zoology, Bareilly College, Bareilly.

*Shri Sidhi Vinayak Hospital, Bareilly

Abstract

Diabetic retinopathy is the most dreaded complication of ocular manifestations of diabetes. Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy is higher in IDDM (40%) than in NIDDM (20%). The diabetic patients attending the diabetic camps were included in this study and an attempt was made to study the prevalence of retinopathy among these patients of Bareilly city (U.P) India. Ophthalmoscopy was used to check the retinopathy of diabetic patients. Blood sugar level of DM patients were estimated by GOD/POD and other information were also collected from their pathological reports made available in the camps. It was observed that 415 were diabetic patients and 17 (4.15%) subjects had retinopathy. Out of 17 retinopathy subjects 72.2% (12) were male and 27.7% (5) were female. Duration of diabetes of these subjects lie in between 10–15 years and 15–20 years while the duration of diabetes of only two subjects were more than 20 years. Age of these subjects lie mainly in between 50–60 years and 60–70 years age group while the blood sugar level of these subjects lie in between 201–250 mg/dl and four subjects were insulin dependent and some patients were hypertensive. In the present study, the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy was found to be 4.15% in 415 diabetic patients and it was more frequent among older patients with diabetes for 15 or more years.

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Keywords

Diabetes, Retinopathy, Hypertension.

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