Problems and issues in Urbanization in Bangalore Urban District, Karnataka
Urban areas of Indian cities have been considered as more powerful engines for fast developing economy like India. Presently 32 percent of population lives in urban areas and contributes 64 percent of India's gross domestic product (census of India 2011). With increasing urbanization, 40 per cent of India's population is projected to dwell in urban areas and contribute 75 per cent of India's GDP by 2030 (MoUD, 2015). Bangalore is the most urbanized district with 90.9 percent of population residing in here.
Urbanization is more miserable and challenging in a developing country like India. With rapid and unplanned urbanization, Bangalore city is characterized with high density of population, more traffic jams, high level of pollution, unaffordable housing, crating slums, urban crimes, high cost of livings, environmental degradation, and sanitation and water shortages.
The total area of the district is 2196 sq.km and 4381 people living in the sq.km. It is the smallest district in the Karnataka state in terms of area and biggest district in terms of populations, which is already stretched beyond its carrying capacity limit and have become unsustainable. Continued Increase in flow of migrants to urban areas is only worsening the problem (Owen, 2009).
To present this study of problems and issues of urbanization in Bangalore, data and information are collected from secondary sources like District at a glance, Hand book of urban development, census hand book, various issues of Karnataka Economic Survey, and Research articles in journals. To make this study qualitative in nature, simple and adequate tools have been used for analyzing.
There should be well set plan and sustainable balance for maintaining the culture and heritage along with the modern trend of industrialization and urbanization. Logical approach towards the sanitation of the business industries is a must at this juncture. The only way out of this situation would be increase awareness among the residents on the various issues and problems in Bangalore urban district.
Urbanization, Population, Migration, Slums, Solid Waste, Pollution, sanitation.