Assessment of Ground Water Quality for Rural Areas of Paradeep-City
The most essential material for the survival of the human civilisation is water. The role of water in different sphere of life is well known to us. The various role played by water itself is also the primary cause of its pollution. The study of nature and extent of pollution of water is of great relevance owing to its significance in our survival. The scope of pollution depends primarily on the source of water like Surface or Ground. The scope is comparatively less in case of ground source, but the threat perception is more. This is mostly due to its use for drinking purpose throughout rural India. So we are interested to study the nature and extent of water pollution around the rural areas of Paradeep city. Water pollution is related to various health hazards and also studied extensively. The sample collection domain is clearly presented through a map involving different areas like Siju village of Kujanga Block, Rangiagarh village near Paradeep New Railway Station, Udayabata Village near GOA Carbon factory and Atharabanki of Paradeep. Various parameters like pH, total hardness, temperature, total alkalinity, turbidity, TDS, DO, COD, BOD,TSS, Fluoride, Chloride, Phosphate, Sodium, Potassium, Iron and Zinc will be analyzed. The comparisons of values of above mentioned Physico-Chemical parameters using WHO and INDIAN STANDARDS, will give us a clear insight about the quality with regard to its appropriate role for drinking and domestic purposes. The average WQI value of GW3 is 135.902 which is maximum and 75.046 is minimum value for GW4. The results of the study clearly establish the need of suitable treatment prior to its use.
WQI, Ground water, Pollution, Drinking water, WHO standard.