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Water and Energy Abstracts
Year : 2004, Volume : 14, Issue : 2

Print ISSN : 0021-1672.

140. Physically-based Mathematical Formulation for Hillslope-Scale Prediction of Erosion in Ungauged Basins

Aksoy Hafzullah, Kavvas M. Levent, Yoon Jaeyoung

(Erosion Prediction in Ungauged Basins: Integrating Methods and Techniques (Proceedings of Symposium HS01 held during IUGG2003 at Sapporo, July 2003), IAHS Publication No. 279, 2003, pp. 101–108).

Abstract

An explicit finite difference scheme for erosion and sediment transport on upland areas of a watershed is derived. The derivation is based on the unsteady state one-dimensional sediment continuity and momentum equations, simplified with the kinematic wave approximation. The derivation ends up with a linear partial differential equation. Upland erosion is thought of as sheet erosion incorporating the effects of rainfall and runoff by way of non-physical calibration parameters. Calibration of these parameters is of great importance for ungauged basins where data do not exist. A finite difference scheme is chosen to solve the resulting equation, together with appropriate boundary and initial conditions. A hypothetical data set was used to evaluate the applicability of the model developed in the study. The performance of the model at the hillslope scale indicates that it has potential for application at the wa-tershed-scale.

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Keywords

Erosion, Hillslope, Mathematical model, Rainfall erosion, Runoff erosion, Ungauged basin.

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