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Water and Energy Abstracts
Year : 2004, Volume : 14, Issue : 2

Print ISSN : 0021-1672.

27. Policies and Measures on Flood Mitigation in China since 1998

Prof. Hongtao Wan, Prof. Xiaotao Cheng, Prof. Ximin Yuan

(Proceedings,World Congress on Natural Disaster Mitigation, February 2004, New Delhi, Vol. 2, pp. 455–464).

Abstract

Flood mitigation has attracted nationwide attention since the devastating floods in the Yangtze River in 1998. The central government timely proposed a series of policies and measures, including enclosing mountains to plant trees, transforming land back into forests, demolishing polder fields to channel flood water, transforming farmland back into lake, supplying laidoff laborers for rehabilitation, relocating people to form new townships, reinforcing key levee and dredging river beds. Since then, the China Government adopted positive fiscal policies to increase investment in the water infrastructure development and reinforcement. In addition, the total financial input from the central government in the water sector from 1998 to 2002 was 3–4 times of the average in past several decades.This study discovered that the enhancement of the basic infrastructure and the improvement of flood defense capability have not only offered reliable flood prevention system and safety for the riparian people, but also strongly and directly improve the entire social-economic development of the areas that used to be under the threats of the flood disasters.

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Keywords

Policies, Measures, Flood, Disaster mitigation.

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