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Research Journal of Topical and Cosmetic Sciences
Year : 2019, Volume : 10, Issue : 1
First page : ( 34) Last page : ( 38)
Print ISSN : 0976-2981. Online ISSN : 2321-5844.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2321-5844.2019.00008.6

Potential of phyto-constituents as a skin tanning agents

Gatkine Tilottama M.1,,*, Shete Vaishnavi S.1, Mahajan Nilesh M.1, Mahajan Ujwala N.2

1Department of Pharmaceutics, Dadasaheb Balpande College of Pharmacy, Besa, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India-440037

2Department of Quality Assurance, Dadasaheb Balpande College of Pharmacy, Besa, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India-440037

*Corresponding Author E-mail: tilottamagatkine@gmail.com

Online published on 18 April, 2020.

Abstract

Sun tanning is the process in which skin color is darkened or tanned. The first effect of sun light is the erythema (redness) of the skin followed by formation of tan. The moderate exposure to the sun contributes to the production of melanin and vitamin D by the body. Melanin is to protect skin cells from Ultraviolet (UV) B radiation damage. After damaging the DNA by UV light, p53 get activate and then transcription of host gene including pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) is done and its leads to increased release of α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone which gives signals to melanocytes via the melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) to increased melanogenesis and transfer of melanosomes to keratinocytes, which together, are responsible for the tanning response. Tanning preparations are oils, lotions, creams, or gels containing UV-B chemical sunscreens with lower sun protection factor (SPF) to facilitate tanning without burning. Some people use chemical products which can gives a tanning effect without exposure to UV radiation, this process is known as sunless tanning. Most of the herbs are responsible to tan the skin or to increases the skin pigmentation. Various skin tanning products available in market using different herbal excipients but some are banned ingredients are also their which are hazardous to the people and its better to used it in small quantity or to avoid its use. According to Transparency Market Research's recently published report by the end of 2026, global self tanning products market will expand steadily at CAGR of 5.3% during the forecast period, 2017–2026.

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Keywords

Skin tanning, Herbal ingredients, Sun protection factor (SPF), Sunless tanning product, Market potential.

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