Analysis of Water Quality of Pongdam, Himachal Pradesh, India
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Present investigation was carried out at Pongdam, also called as Maharana Partap Sagar, a wetland declared at Ramsar convention situated on the river Beas in Himachal Pradesh in India during the year 2014–15. The analysis of important water quality parameters. Physical and aggregate parameters such as alkalinity, conductivity, pH, temperature, total dissolved solids (TDS), total hardness, turbidity, metals and non metals such as calcium magnesium, potassium, sodium, cadmium, copper, iron, lead, chloride, fluoride, nitrate and biological parameters such as biological oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), coliforms and E.coli were analyzed during monsoon, winter and summer seasons. The analysis of data reveals that all the parameters under investigation were within the acceptable limits prescribed by Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), 2012 and World Health Organization (WHO), 2011, excepting iron and lead were found to be higher than acceptable limits prescribed by BIS, 2012 and WHO, 2011 The Cadmium content of water at Pong dam, during Summer Season was 0.008±0.001 mg/L which was higher than 0.003 mg/L proposed by BIS, 2012 and WHO, 2011.
Water quality, parameters, BIS, WHO, pollution, Pongdam.