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Research Journal of Science and Technology
Year : 2020, Volume : 12, Issue : 1
First page : ( 52) Last page : ( 56)
Print ISSN : 0975-4393. Online ISSN : 2349-2988.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2988.2020.00006.6

A Study to Assess the relationship between self-care and quality of life in patients with Heart failure in a selected Hospital, Kottayam

Ms. Mathew Nimi Elizabeth1,*, Mrs. Issac Rincy. T.2, Sr. Dr. Joseena3

1Lecturer, Little Lourdes College of Nursing, Kidangoor, Kottayam

2Associate Professor, Caritas College of Nursing, Kottayam

3Principal, Little Lourdes College of Nursing, Kidangoor, Kottayam

*Corresponding Author E-mail: nimielizabethmathew77@gmail.com

Abstract

The present study was done to assess the relationship between self care and quality of life in patients with heart failure and to identify the association with selected socio demographic and clinical variables. The sample consisted of 100 heart failure patients selected by convenience sampling technique. The design used was descriptive design with quantitative approach. Structured Questionnaire on socio demographic data and clinical variables were used to assess the sample characteristics whereas self care and quality of life was assessed using Modified Self Care of Heart Failure Index Scale and Quality of Life Assessment Scale respectively. The findings of the study were that, majority (67%) of patients were having average self care ability. More than half (54%) of the patients were having average quality of life. The study revealed that there was no significant correlation (r= 0.11) between self care and quality of life among patients with heart failure but significant correlation existing between self care management domain of self care and quality of life (r= 0.37, p< 0.05).The study also proved that there was a significant association between self care and education (χ2=14.43, p<0.05). The study results showed that there is significant association between quality of life with selected demographic and clinical variables such as gender (χ2=6.02, p<0.05), education (χ2=15.62, p<0.05), monthly income (χ2=12.38, p <0.05) and ejection fraction (χ2= 5.74, p<0.05). The present study concluded that as self care management increases the quality of life also increases among patients with heart failure.

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Keywords

Self care, Quality of life, Heart failure.

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