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Research Journal of Science and Technology
Year : 2019, Volume : 11, Issue : 2
First page : ( 155) Last page : ( 158)
Print ISSN : 0975-4393. Online ISSN : 2349-2988.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2988.2019.00023.8

Drowning Prevention: Introduction and Recent Developments

Dr. Ahmad Shoaib*

Society for Pharmaceutical Research, Industrial Area, Phase 8-B, Mohali, 160071, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: shoaibahmad1999@gmail.com

Online published on 22 May, 2019.

Abstract

Drowning process often results in respiratory impairment and may lead to death. World Health Organisation has identified drowning as third leading cause of unintentional death at the world level. Annually, 360000 people die because of drowning and its complications. Children, males and individuals with access to water are at risk of drowning. Drowning prevention focuses usually on asphyxia and secondary pneumonia. Prevention of craniocerebral trauma may reduce mortality due to drowning. Drowning prevention is a challenging area. The present paper is an attempt to give an overview of epidemiology, experiences, prevention & therapy, traditional & new approaches, special precautions and innovations in drowning prevention. Importance of the swimming skills, parental motivation, use of life jackets and availability of lifeguards has been realized time and again. There is a strong need to improve EMS response to drowning incidents. The governmental agencies need to bring and enforce strict legislations and policies on water safety. The professional societies need to contribute towards the improvement of professional practice guidelines. Water safety of travelers is also an area of concern. Alcohol intoxication near the water bodies and on water transport needs to be controlled. Community-based drowning prevention interventions can help effectively in drowning prevention.

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Keywords

Drowning, drowning prevention, epidemiology, life jackets, lifeguards, water safety.

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