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Research Journal of Science and Technology
Year : 2019, Volume : 11, Issue : 1
First page : ( 69) Last page : ( 72)
Print ISSN : 0975-4393. Online ISSN : 2349-2988.
Article DOI : 10.5958/2349-2988.2019.00010.X

Evaluation of Antibacterial Activity of South Indian Spices against Enteric Pathogens-An In vitro Study

Prasanna S. G. Vishnu1, Dr. Geetha2

1III Year BDS, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, 162, P.H. Road, Chennai-600077, India

2Associate Professor, Department of Microbiology, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha University, Chennai-600077, India

Corresponding Author E-mail:

Online published on 16 March, 2019.

Abstract

Aim and objective

To evaluate the antibacterial activity of some commonly used south Indian spices against bacteria causing enteric disease.

Introduction

Spices have been used for many centuries by various cultures to enhance flavor and aroma of our foods. They have unique aroma and flavor which are derived from compounds known as phytochemicals or secondary metabolites. Secondary metabolites of wide variety such as tannins, terpenoids, alkaloids, and flavonoids, which are reported to have a lot of pharmacological activities most of them having antibacterial properties. Plant derived products have been used for medicinal purposes for centuries. At present, it is estimated that about 80% of the world population rely on botanical preparations as medicines to meet their health needs.

Result

Garlic showed highest antibacterial activity against the enteric pathogens when compared to all other spices and the standard antibacterial drug penicillin G.

Conclusion

Hence all the spices used in this study showed antibacterial effect on the enteric pathogens and variety of results were found.

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