Physico-chemical analysis of Ken river water in Panna District Madhya Pradesh, India
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The Ken river is one of the major river of Bundelkhand region of Central India. It flows through two states Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. It is a tributary of Yamuna river. The Ken river originates near village, Ahirgawan on the north-west slopes of Kaimur Range in Katni district of MP and travels a distance of 427 Km. before merging with Yamuna at village, Chilla of Fatehpur in UP at 25°46'N and 80°31'E. It is one of the sixteen perennial rivers of Madhya Pradesh. It flows about 55 Km. through Panna National Park from South to North. Hence it is a source of drinking water for wild animals of Panna National Park. Various samples of river water were collected from different areas in and around the Panna District, and analyzed for their physico-chemical parameters. Selected parameters were temperature, pH, electrical conductivity, turbidity, TDS, TSS, DO, BOD, COD, chloride, sulphate, phosphate, nitrate, alkalinity, total hardness, calcium hardness magnesium hardness. Water quality analysis was carried out using standard methods for examination of water and wastewater (APHA-AWWA). The results were compared with drinking water quality standards prescribed by World Health Organization (WHO). The above study will be useful to know the surface water quality and their subsequent fitness or unfitness of water for drinking purpose at selected sites undertaken. The study will also be helpful to the regulatory authorities and also to the policy makers towards river Ken basin.
River Ken, Physico-chemical parameters, Water quality.