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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2016, Volume : 9, Issue : 8
First page : ( 1183) Last page : ( 1186)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00226.2

Comparison of Aerobic Bacteria in Saliva Samples of Chronic and Aggressive Periodontitis Patients-An in Vitro Study

Jain Mokshi R.1,*, Gheena S.2, Gopinath P3

1II year B.D.S, Saveetha Dental College & Hospitals, Chennai-600077

2Reader, Department of Oral Pathology, Saveetha Dental College & Hospitals, Chennai-600077

3Senior lecturer, Department of Microbiology, Saveetha Dental College & Hospitals, Chennai-600077

*Corresponding Author E-mail: mokshi.jain.007@gmail.com, gheena_ranjith@yahoo.co.in

Online published on 12 January, 2017.

Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study was to compare the aerobic bacteria in saliva samples of chronic and aggressive periodontitis patients.

Background

Generalised chronic and aggressive periodontitis are recognised as two distinct diseases that result from inflammatory response to bacterial infection. Chronic periodontitis is characterised by moderate periodontal attachment loss which occurs over an extended period of time whereas rapid periodontal loss occurs in aggressive periodontitis. Saliva samples were collected from 10 patients with chronic periodontitis and 5 patients with aggressive periodontitis. The samples were cultured using aerobic culture technique and the microbial profiles will be compared.

Result

In this study, it was found that the distribution of Gram positive (87%) and Gram negative bacteria (13%) was similar in both the study groups. On comparing the percentage distribution of the respective bacterial species isolated, it was reported that Streptococcus mutans was the most abundant species in both cases. The prevalence of Pseudomonas and S. aureus was also found to be almost the same. However, the occurrence of Enterococcus (60% in GAgP and 30% in GCP) and Candida spp. (80% in GAgP and 50% in GCP) was found to be more in aggressive periodontitis patients. Bacterial species like Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus sanguis, Lactobacillus, Bacillus spp. and E. coli were found in varying percentages only in patients suffering from GCP.

Reason

This study will help provide a better understanding about the cause of periodontal diseases and help in providing better treatment.

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Keywords

Aerobic, aggressive periodontitis, chronic periodontitis, microbial profile.

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