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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2016, Volume : 9, Issue : 3
First page : ( 251) Last page : ( 256)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00046.9

Prescribing Pattern of Drugs Used For Respiratory Disease in Pediatric Patients at Private Hospital

Geetha P.*, Kousalya M., Lakshmi S. Geetha, Gopi R.

Department Of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vels University, Tamil Nadu, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: geethaoctober1978@gmail.com

Online published on 18 April, 2016.

Abstract

Aim

The prescribing pattern of drugs used for the treatment of respiratory disease in pediatric patients at private hospital was studied.

Methods

The observational study was conducted in the pediatric clinic, during which prescriptions were analyzed.

Results

A total of 74 patient's prescriptions were analyzed. Average number of drugs prescribed per prescription was 4.20. In that 43 (58.1%) patients were male and 31 (41.9%) patients were female. The study showed that (37.2%) of patients among children were prescribed with syrup, 27.1% with drops, 15.5% with nebulizer, 10.1% with tablet, 9.3% with inhaler and 0.8% with injection of anti-respiratory drugs. The drugs accounted for over 22%, 14.7% and 14% of prescriptions, included antibiotics, anti-histamines and β2 agonists respectively. It has been seen that 10.8% were received two drug therapy, 25.7% were received three drug therapy, 32.4% were received four drug therapy, 25.7% were received five drug therapy, and 5.4% were received six drug therapy. Major anti-asthmatic drugs prescribed were Salbutamol (33.61%), Montelukast (29.3%), Prednisolone (17.6%), Inhaled corticosteroids (15.1%) and Deflazacort (4.20%).

Conclusion

Thus it can be concluded that the present prescribing pattern of anti-asthmatics does not meet the standard guidelines for asthma treatment. Hence there is a need of awareness amongst the Physicians. Also the patients must be encouraged to complete whole treatment for improving the health. It has been also concluded that a study may be more meaningful to further improve the dispensing practices of the pharmacist.

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Keywords

Pediatric, Four drug therapy, Anti-asthmatics.

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