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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2016, Volume : 9, Issue : 2
First page : ( 149) Last page : ( 152)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00025.1

Elevation of Temperature after General Anaesthesia following Dental Treatment with or without the use of Prophylactic Antibiotics in Children

Ssneha B.1, Dr. Gurunathan Deepa2,*

13rd Year B.D.S., Department of Pedodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Velapanchavadi, Chennai-77, Tamil Nadu, India

2Reader, Department of Pedodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Velapanchavadi, Chennai-77, Tamil Nadu, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: drgdeepa@yahoo.co.in

Online published on 9 March, 2016.

Abstract

Aim

To study the elevation of temperature after general anaesthesia following dental treatment with or without the use of prophylactic antibiotics in children.

Introduction

General anaesthesia is a choice in pediatric patients who are uncooperative, physically or mentally compromised. Bacteremia is a common consequence following dental treatment and as a result elevation of temperature. Bacteraemia can occur following general anaesthesia through nasotracheal intubation. Antibiotic prophylaxis prior to general anaesthesia can prevent hyperthermia.

Materials and Methods

Paediatric patients in the age group of 2–6 years. were included in this study under general anaesthesia due to uncooperative behaviour or due to medical complications. Antibiotics was administered to one group one hour prior to the treatment and not administered to the other. Preoperative and post operative temperatures were recorded.

Results

Out of eighty three pediatric patients in the age group 2–6 years who participated in this study, thirty five patients (42.1%) presented with elevation in temperature (temperature exceeding 98 degree Fahrenheit). Significant difference in temperature was found between those who were administered antibiotics and in those who were not. Post operative increase in temperature was found in seventeen out of forty girls (42.5%) and in eighteen out of forty three boys (41.8%)

Conclusion

This study showed that there is a relation between bacteremia and post operative increase in temperature. Post operative increase in temperature was less in those who were administered antibiotics prior to GA than in those who were not administered.

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Keywords

Pediatrics, general anaesthesia, pre operative temperature, post operative temperature, antibiotics, bacteremia, dental treatment.

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