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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2016, Volume : 9, Issue : 10
First page : ( 1806) Last page : ( 1808)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2016.00366.8

Recent advances in diabetes research

Rupashri S.V.*, Dr. Gheena S.

Saveetha Dental College and Hospital, Chennai-77, Tamil Nadu

*Corresponding Author E-mail: rupavenkat13@gmail.com

Online published on 2 March, 2017.

Abstract

The increasing prevalence of diabetes worldwide is cause for concern both in terms of associated morbidity and increasing health costs. Diabetes is a defect in the body's ability to convert glucose (sugar) to energy. Glucose is the main source of fuel for our body. When food is digested it is changed into fats, protein, or carbohydrates. Foods that affect blood sugars are called carbohydrates. Carbohydrates, when digested, change to glucose. Examples of some carbohydrates are: bread, rice, pasta, potatoes, corn, fruit, and milk products. Individuals with diabetes should eat carbohydrates but must do so in moderation. Glucose is then transferred to the blood and is used by the cells for energy. In order for glucose to be transferred from the blood into the cells, the hormone insulin is needed. Insulin is produced by the beta cells in the pancreas (the organ that produces insulin). In individuals with diabetes, this process is impaired. Diabetes develops when the pancreas fails to produce sufficient quantities of insulin-Type 1 diabetes or the insulin produced is defective and cannot move glucose into the cells-Type 2 diabetes. Either insulin is not produced in sufficient quantities or the insulin produced is defective and cannot move the glucose into the cells. Diabetes mellitus refers to a number of disorders that share the cardinal characteristic feature of elevated blood glucose levels. The 2 most common general categories of this disease are termed type 1 and type 2diabetes.[1]. Research has enormously increased our understanding of type 1 and type 2 diabetes, but much more remains to be done.

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