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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2015, Volume : 8, Issue : 8
First page : ( 1135) Last page : ( 1136)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2015.00201.2

Antibacterial Effects of South Indian Spices on Oral Microbes

Durbar Umme Salma1,*, Geetha R.V.2

1II BDS Student, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Chennai

2Faculty, Department of Microbiology, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Chennai

*Corresponding Author E-mail: ummesalmadurbar@gmail.com

Online published on 28 October, 2015.

Abstract

Dental caries is a destructive process causing decalcification of the tooth enamel and leading to continued destruction of enamel and dentin, and cavitation of the tooth. Given the incidence of oral disease, increased resistance by bacteria to antibiotics, adverse affects of some antibacterial agents currently used in dentistry and financial considerations in developing countries, there is a need for alternative prevention and treatment options that are safe, effective and economical. This paper researches the anti bacterial properties of some South India spices and its role in inhibiting oral microbes. Clove has effective bactericidal properties and is used to inhibit gram positive and gram negative bacteria. Black pepper is known widely for its therapeutic uses. The antibacterial activity of these spices on Lacobacillus acidophilus, organism strongly associated with progression of dental caries was screened by disc diffusion method. The results obtained from our study shows that the two extracts have got a very good antibacterial activity against Lactobacillus acidophilus.

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Keywords

Antibacterial, oral microbes, spices, disc diffusion.

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