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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2015, Volume : 8, Issue : 12
First page : ( 1625) Last page : ( 1628)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2015.00291.7

Prevalence of pulp stones in patients with history of cardiac diseases

Swathy S1,*, Gheena S2, Varsha Sri L3

1BDS, 1st year, Saveetha Dental College, Chennai

2Department of Oral Pathology, Saveetha Dental College, Chennai

3BDS, 1st year, Saveetha Dental College, Chennai

*Corresponding Author E-mail: swaswee.4@gmail.com

Online published on 1 January, 2016.

Abstract

Background

Calcification of dental pulp is said to have a similar pathogenesis as calcified atheromas in the artery. Pulp stones are discrete calcifications found in the coronal or radicular pulp. They contain organic material upon which calcium is deposited to form carbonate apatite, which is also the material found in calcifications in the vascular walls.

Objective

The objective of the study is to report the correlation of pulp stones with that of cardiovascular diseases by radiographs.

Materials and methods

Radiographs were collected from Saveetha Dental College and from the dental clinic of Frontier Lifeline Hospital. The study involved estimating the prevalence rates of pulp stones in radiographs of 30 cardiac patients and 30 other randomly collected radiographs (control group).

Results

Pulp stones were present in 43.33% of cardiac patients. The prevalence was 40% in the control group.

Conclusion

The prevalence of pulp stones in cardiac patients is moderately higher than that in the control group. Positive correlation is found between pulp stones and cardiovascular diseases.

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Keywords

Pulp stones, calcified mass, denticles, cardiovascular disease.

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