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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2015, Volume : 8, Issue : 12
First page : ( 1615) Last page : ( 1618)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2015.00289.9

Prevalence and Incidence of Types of Oral Malignancy-5 Year Institutional Study

Srinivasan Nivedha, Dr. Gheena S.

1st BDS Year, Saveetha Dental College, Chennai

Corresponding Author E-mail: patelbhumi198@gmail.com

Online published on 1 January, 2016.

Abstract

Aim

The aim of the research is to understand the prevalance and incidence of types of oral malignancy in Chennai population.

Objective

India has the highest number of cases of oral malignancy in the world. The burden is not fully appreciated even within India, despite the high incidence and poor survival associated with the disease. The objective is to find the epidemiological variations with relation to oral malignancy in south Indian population.

Background

Oral malignancy is a major problem in the subcontinent where it ranks among the top three types in the country. It is significant for public health importance in India. In India, due to cultural, ethnic, geographic factors and the popularity of addictive habits, the frequency of oral malignancy increases. Buccal mucosa is more common followed by tongue. Gutkha-the smokeless tobacco, is a very common cause of oral malignancy. It is known, about two-third of deaths due to oral malignancy occur in developing world, out of which, one-third occur in Indian subcontinent.

Reason

Public health officials, private hospital, academic medical centers within India have recognized oral malignancy as a grave problem. Epidemiological studies on a certain set of population will help us building the data base and to address the people.

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