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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2020, Volume : 13, Issue : 6
First page : ( 2977) Last page : ( 2984)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00527.2

Exercise Programmes for Reducing The Risk of Falls in Elderly: A Review

Raj Naresh Bhaskar1,*, Lee Wan Zhen2, Eswaramoorthi Vijayamurugan3, Razali Hazliza3, Othman Nur Yanti Hariana3, Rao US Mahadeva4

1 Senior Lecturer,Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), 21300 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu Darul Iman, Malaysia

2Lecturer,Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), 21300 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu Darul Iman, Malaysia

3 Post Graduate Student, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), 21300 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu Darul Iman, Malaysia

4 Professor, School of Basic Medical Sciences, UniSZA, 20400, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia

*Corresponding Author E-mail: bnaresh@unisza.edu.my

Online published on 4 July, 2020.

Abstract

Falls are common within the aging population. The risk of falling will increase with age for several reasons, including overall muscle weakness, poor balancing, psychological issues, vision impairments, foot problems, adverse medication effects, and acute sickness. The older adults face problems of inability to control their balance during performing their daily activities. Balancing exercises have shown to enhance balance, cognition, and quality of life. The combination of different exercises and balance training could result in a better standard of living between older adults. Therapist and instructors can promote these exercises to the older adults for enhancing their muscle strength, balance, and cognition that produce a better quality of life. Thus, this review aims to discuss various exercises that are effective for reducing falls in older adults and its implications for practice.

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Keywords

Balance exercise, elderly, falls, resistance, coordination.

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