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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2020, Volume : 13, Issue : 6
First page : ( 2567) Last page : ( 2572)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00457.6

Effect of liquid biofertilizer with Herbal Insecticide Garlic (Allium sativum L.) on productivity of Gram (Cicer arietinum) and Infestation of Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner)

Singh Keshav*, Bhartiya Deepak Kumar

Vermibiotechnology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, D. D. U. Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur-273009, U.P., India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: keshav26singh@rediffmail.com

Online published on 4 July, 2020.

Abstract

Abundant chemical fertilizers and pesticides use in agriculture for the production of huge agricultural products, which cause adverse effect on environment and as well as on human beings. Animal dung and municipal solid waste (MSW) are a problem for society, so it need for it proper management. Vermicomposting serves as a best method for management of these wastes with the help of earthworm Eisenia fetida and its byproducts which were released are used in agriculture. In India Gram (Cicer arietinum) pulse is a major source of protein in human diet but its production rate was decreased day by day due to a various reasons. The Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) is a pest to pulse crops, which damaged pods and ultimately decrease its productivity. The vermiwash and garlic based biopesticides used as an alternative of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The aim of present study was to observe the gram seed germination, growth productivity, as well as infestation of H. armigera after foliar spray of liquid biofertilizer vermiwash of animal dung and MSW with combination of garlic leaf (GL) and bulb (GF) aqueous extract. The significant germination, growth and productivity (g/m2) was observed after the foliar spray of vermiwash with aqueous extract of garlic (Allium sativum L.) leaf (GL) with respect to control. The lowest pest infestation of gram (Cicer arietinum) was observed after 70, 85 and 100 days sowing and foliar spray to VW+GL, VW+GF respectively. Whereas, the use of vermiwash with biopesticides is an alternative of chemical fertilizers and synthetic pesticides because it is eco-friendly and boon for farmers.

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Keywords

Vermiwash, Biopesticides, Animal and Municipal solid wastes (MSW), Helicoverpa armigera, Gram (Cicer arietinum), Pest infestation.

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