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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2020, Volume : 13, Issue : 5
First page : ( 2530) Last page : ( 2532)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00450.3

Worldwide spread of COVID-19 Pandemic and risk factors among Co-morbid conditions especially Diabetes Mellitus in India

Mor Sonia1,*, Dr. Saini Prem2, Dr. Wangnoo Subhash Kumar3, Dr. Bawa Tarunika3

1Ph. D. Scholar (Clinical Research), Lingaya's Vidyapeeth, Faridabad and Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi

2Head, School of Pharmacy, Lingaya's Vidyapeeth, Faridabad

3Consultant Endocrinologist and Diabetologist, Apollo Centre for Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology (ACODE), Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi

*Corresponding Author E-mail: morsonia10@gmail.com

Online published on 16 June, 2020.

Abstract

This narrative review aims to know the association of the novel corona virus disease (COVID-19) in patients with diabetes mellitus and other co-morbidities. COVID 19 has reached the number 2.5 million of cases according to the situation report of World Health Organization on 21st, April 2020, affecting nearly 210 countries worldwide. It's highly virulent, involves ‘flu-like symptoms’, which are mild in most cases, in severe condition, results into acute respiratory distress syndrome, multiple organ failure leading to the blockage in lower respiratory tract/pathways and difficulty in breathing, it increases the risk for hospitalization and sometimes, leads to death in COVID-19 patients. Most of the patients are asymptomatic, but they can be a carrier to those who have less immunity. Patient with other co-morbidities like diabetes, cardiac problems, and older ages fails to survive as they are more prone to virus infections. The additional burden of disease can be one of the factors to the mortality in these cases.

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Keywords

Diabetes Mellitus, COVID-19, Corona virus, Risk factors, Co-morbid conditions.

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