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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2020, Volume : 13, Issue : 5
First page : ( 2266) Last page : ( 2268)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2020.00408.4

Phytochemical screening and GC-MS Analysis of Rhizome of Drynaria quercifolia

Mr. Nithin MK.*, Dr. Veeramani G., Dr. Sivakrishnan S.

Department of Pharmacy, Annamalai University, Chidambaram-608002, Tamil Nadu, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: nithinnaveen17@gmail.com

Online published on 16 June, 2020.

Abstract

Drynaria quercifolia (asvakatri) belongs to family of polypodiacea is an epiphytic medicinal pteridophye. This purpose of this study was to evaluate the phytochemical and GC-MS analysis of asvakatri. The rhizome of Drynaria quercifolia was collected from yercaud hills, Salem district, Tamil Nadu, India. The extract was prepared from ethanol by hot continuous percolation method in soxhlet apparatus for 24 hours and evaluate the phytochemical activity of ethanolic extract of rhizome of Drynaria quercifolia and identification of active biochemical constituents using Perkin-Elmer Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectroscopy. Phytochemical screening of rhizome shows the presence of glycosides, tannins, alkaloids, flavonoids, steroids, tri-terpenoids, carbohydrate, aminoacids and proteins. On the other hand, GC-MS analysis of ethanolic extract of rhizome of Drynaria quercifolia showed 11 bioactive compounds, the highest compound was named as 2-myristynol-glycinamide (22.502%) and lowest was named as 6-amino-5-cyano-4-(3-iodophenyl)-2-methyl-4H-pyron-3-carboxylic acid ethyl ester (4.505%). In the present study, we concluded that the phytochemical screening and GC-MS analysis of the ethanolic extract of rhizome of Drynaria quercifolia shows various bioactive constituents is to furnish the scientific information to evolve potential phytomedicine.

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Keywords

Traditional Medicine, GC-MS, Drynaria quercifolia, Phytochemicals, Rhizome.

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