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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2019, Volume : 12, Issue : 9
First page : ( 4349) Last page : ( 4352)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00748.0

Dermatoglyphics–An Indicator for Periodontal Disease? A Cross-Sectional Study

Grace U. Santo*, Dr. Sankari M.

Department of Periodontics, Saveetha Dental College, SIMATS, Saveetha University, Chennai-77

*Corresponding Author E-mail: grace.santo@gmail.com

Online published on 24 December, 2019.

Abstract

Background

Dermatoglyphics is the dermal ridge configuration of digits, palms and soles. These patterns are genetically determined and are unique for each individual. It can be considered as a window of congenital and intrauterine abnormalities. In dentistry, it has been studied to predict disorders such as dental caries, malocclusions, congenital abnormalities such as gingival fibromatosis and periodontitis. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the dermatoglyphic patterns and correlate it with healthy individuals, aggressive periodontitis and chronic periodontitis patients.

Aim

To evaluate the dermatoglyphic patterns and correlate it with healthy individuals, aggressive periodontitis and chronic periodontitis patients.

Materials and Methods

The study population consisted of 3 groups. Group 1 consisted of healthy individuals (n=15), group 2 consisted of patients with chronic periodontitis (n=15) and group 3 consisted of patients with aggressive periodontitis (n=15). Finger prints were obtained and analysed. SPSS v20 was used for statistical analysis.

Results

On comparing the pattern of individual fingers, the present study shows that there are increased whorls seen in the middle finger of chronic periodontitis patients and increased loops in aggressive periodontitis patients when compared to healthy subjects, however it was not statistically significant(p=0.897). Overall comparison of the dermatoglyphic patterns does not reveal any difference among the 3 groups. No significant difference was seen comparing chronic periodontitis with aggressive periodontitis group.

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Keywords

Dermatoglyphics. Periodontal disease, Prevalence, Distribution.

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