(3.231.25.104)
Users online: 2378    [ij] [ij] [ij] 
Email id
 

Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2019, Volume : 12, Issue : 8
First page : ( 3802) Last page : ( 3806)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00651.6

Evaluation of Cytotoxic Activity of Annona muricata Fruits and Leaves

Babu Merin1, Thomas Subin Varghese1, Sruthi T P1, Joseph Jipnomon2,*

1Department of Pharmacology, Amrita School of Pharmacy, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi-682041, Kerala, India

2Department of Pharmacology, St. Joseph's College of Pharmacy, Dharmagiri College Campus, Naipunnya Road, Cherthala – 688524, Kerala, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: jipnomon@yahoo.com

Online published on 24 December, 2019.

Abstract

Introduction

Screening of various medicinal plants for biological active compounds has become a vital source of cancer related drugs. The present study was designed to evaluate and compare the cytotoxicity of Annona muricata fruits and leaves.

Method

The leaves and fruits are dried and standardised by performing ash value, extractive value and phytochemical screening, the dried fruits and leaves of Annona muricata were defatted with petroleum ether and extracted using methanol as solvent. The extracts were evaluated for in-vitro cytotoxic study by MTT assay using Hep G2 cell lines and trypan blue dye exclusion method using DLA and EAC cells. Haemolytic activity was performed to determine the toxicity of extracts to normal cells.

Results

The qualitative analysis of phytochemical extracts and parts possesses carbohydrates, cardiac glycosides, alkaloids, flavones and tannins. In MTT assay, while comparing the cytotoxic action of methanolic extracts of Annona muricata leaves and fruits of (MEAML and MEAMF) with standard curcumin (18.6μg/ml), MEAMF (IC50=12.4 μg/ml) showed more cytotoxic action to Hep G2 cell lines than MEAML (IC50=82.5μg/ml). In dye exclusion test, MEAML showed an IC50 value of about 140.3μg/ml, 137.2μg/ml for DLA and EAC respectively, whereas 179.4μg/ml, 165.2μg/ml in MEAMF. None of the extract possessed any haemolytic activity revealing their non-toxicity on normal cells.

Conclusion

Methanolic extracts of Annona muricata fruits and leaves possess cytotoxic activity with no significant haemolytic activity towards normal erythrocytes.

Top

Keywords

Annona muricata, Extractive value, Ash Value, MTT Assay, Hep G2 cell lines, Trypan blue dye exclusion method.

Top

  
║ Site map ║ Privacy Policy ║ Copyright ║ Terms & Conditions ║ Page Rank Tool
436,046,194 visitor(s) since 30th May, 2005.
All rights reserved. Site designed and maintained by DIVA ENTERPRISES PVT. LTD..
Note: Please use Internet Explorer (6.0 or above). Some functionalities may not work in other browsers.