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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2019, Volume : 12, Issue : 5
First page : ( 2506) Last page : ( 2510)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00422.0

Association between Sleep and Periodontitis-A Systematic Review

Malaiappan Sankari*, Abraham Christeena

Department of Periodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai-600077, Tamil Nadu, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: msankari@gmail.com

Online published on 8 August, 2019.

Abstract

Introduction

Periodontitis is a disease characterised by inflammation of the supporting tissues of the teeth. It occurs when the gingivitis is left untreated which leads to periodontitis. Gingivitis is caused by inadequate oral hygiene which causes accumulation of plaque. This review was done to see the association between sleep and periodontitis. Disturbed sleep or insomnia affects a lot of people in the world. It may be due to various reasons such as anxiety, medication, alcohol, caffeine, nicotine, depression, hormone imbalance, obstructive sleep apnea and other chronic illnesses. This systematic review was done to assess the association between sleep and periodontitis.

Materials and Methods

A search was done in electronic database like PubMed using various search terms like “chronic periodontitis”, “generalised chronic periodontitis”, “localised chronic periodontitis”, “gum disease”, “clinical loss of attachment”, “alveolar bone loss”, “sleep”, “sleep quality”, “insomnia”, “sleeplessness”. The reviewer then narrowed down the article search according to the inclusion criteria and only articles in English language were included.

Results

Based on the results that were obtained from the present systematic review, it can be concluded that sleep is associated with periodontitis.

Conclusion

There are a lot of sleep parameters which are associated with periodontal parameters which confirms the association between both.

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Keywords

Sleep, periodontitis, obstructive sleep apnea, insomnia, snoring, gingival bleeding.

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