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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2019, Volume : 12, Issue : 5
First page : ( 2503) Last page : ( 2505)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00421.9

A Review on Food Coloring Agents-Safe or Unsafe?

Shanmugasundaram P1,*, Bavenro2, Rujaswini T3

1School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vels Institute of Science Technology and Advanced Studies (VISTAS), Chennai, India

2Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Analysis, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vels Institute of Science Technology and Advanced Studies (VISTAS), Chennai, India

3Department of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vels Institute of Science Technology and Advanced Studies (VISTAS), Chennai, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: samsimahe@gmail.com

Online published on 8 August, 2019.

Abstract

Food coloring agents are added to foods to make customer perception. They act as emulsifying agents, stabilizers, sweeteners, antioxidants, preservatives and so on. They also increase attractiveness to different types of products. Coloring of the food product not only gives pleasant, attractive color but also flavor, natural value of the product. Food coloring is a solution of dye molecules. Natural food coloring agents are carotenoids, chlorophyll, anthocyanin, and turmeric. Few dyes may have carcinogenic effects so suitable detection methods are to be done to check the harmfulness of the dye. Appropriateness of a dye is checked through several analytical and advanced methods. The aim of this article is to bring to a notice whether food coloring agents are harmful to human use. Not all types of coloring agents are harmful to use in foods, drugs and cosmetics. Artificial food colors are used mainly in foods and beverages. Food and Drug Association (FDA) approval is required for the use of artificial food colors. Few artificial colorants used in foods, cosmetics, beverages are sunset yellow, quinoline yellow, carmoisine, allura red and tartrazine. These coloring agents bind to Human Serum Albumin (HAS) and causes risk to human health. Artificial food coloring agents cause attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. We conclude that natural coloring agents don't show any side effects when compared to artificial dyes.

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Keywords

Food coloring agents, emulsifying agents, Food and Drug Association, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, Human Serum Albumin.

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