Efficacy of Neck Stabilization and Postural Correction Exercise on Pain, Posture, Disability, Respiratory Dysfuntions and Mental Status in Desk Job Workers-A Randomised Controlled Double Blinded Study
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The study aims to analyse and compare the efficacy of neck stabilization exercise and postural correction exercise over conventional exercises on pain, disability, posture, Respiratory dysfunction in desk job workers with neck pain.
Background of The Study
Neck pain is a common disorder mainly caused by awkward posture, tightness in both the neck and upper back muscles and prolonged sitting while using computers, twisting and bending of the trunk. Rounded shoulder is a condition characterized by protracted shoulder girdle from its normal. Imbalance between agonist and antagonist results in muscle imbalance affecting the cervical curvature resulting in pain.
Materials and Methods
Once the study is approved by Institutional Review Board Ref no: IV C-018/PHYSIO/IRB/2017–2018 50 samples were selected from 60 volunteers based on the inclusion criteria. The study was conducted is the outpatient department of physiotherapy & took nearly 3months (Jan 2018-May 2018) to complete the study.. Group A received Neck Stabilization exercise and postural correction exercise with deep breathing exercise. Group B received stretch and strengthening exercise with deep breathing exercise. Pre and post-test measured with NDI-Neck disability index, CSBQ-Cervical Spine Bournemouth Questionnaire, SEBQ-Self-Evaluation Breathing Questionnaire, DST-Double square test.
On comparing Pre-test and Post-test within Group A and Group B on Double Square Test(Right and Left), Neck Disability Index, Cervical Spine Bournemouth Questionnaire, Self-Evaluation of Breathing Questionnaire shows significant decrease in the post test Mean values but Group A which has the Lower Mean value is more effective than Group B at P ≤ 0.001.
Neck pain, Rounder shoulders, abnormal posture, upper cross syndrome, stabilization and postural correction exercise.