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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2019, Volume : 12, Issue : 3
First page : ( 1163) Last page : ( 1168)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00192.6

Which is more prevalent among the female population-Osteopenia or Osteoporosis? A cross sectional study

Padmanabhan K1, Paul Jibi2, Sudhakar S.3, Selvam P. Senthil4, Priya V Sathya5, Kirthika S. Veena6,*

1Assistant Professor, Faculty of Physiotherapy, Dr. MGR Educational and Research Institute, Deemed to be University, Maduravoyal, Chennai-600095

2Research Supervisor, Faculty of Physiotherapy, Dr. MGR Educational and Research Institute, Deemed to be University, Maduravoyal, Chennai-600095

3Principal/Professor, Meenakshi College of Physiotherapy, Chennai

4Principal/Professor, School of Physiotherapy, Vels Institute of Science, Technology and Advanced Studies, Chennai

5Professor, Department of Biochemistry, A.C.S Medical College and Hospital, Chennai

6Vice Principal, Faculty of Physiotherapy, Dr. MGR Educational and Research Institute, Deemed to be University, Maduravoyal, Chennai-600095

*Corresponding Author E-mail: veena.physio@drmgrdu.ac.in

Online published on 18 May, 2019.

Abstract

AIM

The aim is to study the prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis using quantitative calcaneal ultrasound among female population.

Methodology

It was a cross-sectional study with a sample size of 270 female subjects between 30–70 years for 3 months duration. Subjects who underwent hysterectomy, under hormone replacement therapy, under calcium and vitamin D supplements and diabetes mellitus were excluded. Recruited subjects were screened for osteopenia and osteoporosis using quantitative calcaneal ultrasound. Demographical information including age, height, weight, body mass index, menstrual status, blood pressure and socio-economic status were recorded.

Result

Out of 270 subjects 57.4% were osteopenic, 15.9% were osteoporotic and 26.7% were normal. There was a close association between the demographical status and the prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis.

Conclusion

Osteopenia seems to be more prevalent than osteoporosis. Early diagnosis of osteopenia among females is necessary to delay the onset of osteoporosis.

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Keywords

Osteopenia, osteoporosis, quantitative calcaneal ultrasound, Women.

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