Effectiveness of Myotherapy on pain among patients subjected to major Orthopaedic surgery at a Tertiary care Hospital
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Pain as a main social problem has involved millions of people. From the first seconds after birth human being experience pain caused by the very first action he does in this world, breathing. Nurses ’fear of patient's addiction to drugs and drug's side effects. (Therefore reducing patients ’pain is one of the main medical goals which is often executed by giving them narcotic drugs but these drugs usually have side effects that make them less effective. Myotherapy is a non medical treatment used for treating pain and stress.
The aim of the study were to determine the effectiveness of myotherapy on pain, identify the relationship among pain and associate the selected background variables with pain among patients subjected to major orthopaedic surgery.
The research design adopted for the study was randomized controlled trial. The study was conducted among 250 samples, 125 in the study and 125 in control group to evaluate the effectiveness of myotherapy on post operative pain, ADL and stress among patients subjected to major orthopedic surgeries. The mean age of the study participants were male and female equally distributed. The investigator delivered myotherapy for the patients from the 1st post operative day to the 5th post operative day for 45 minutes in foot and hands and myotherapy was taught to patient's caregiver along with myotherapy manual issued to them to continue care at home from the day of discharge to 30th post operative day weekly thrice for three weeks. The control group received routine care from the hospital. Data were collected and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Independent ‘t’ test revealed that during pre and post assessment of pain in the study and the control groups from day 3 to day 5 was highly significant at p=0.001 level. A significant strong positive correlation between pretest stress and pain which was significant at p<0.001 and also strong positive correlation between posttest pain V and posttest stress which was significant at p<0.001. The RM ANOVA results highlighted that there was a significant difference between the groups as well as within the group (p<0.001) on Pain, among the patients subjected to major orthopaedic surgery.
The study result reveals that the orthopaedic surgical patients suffering with severe pain, stress, economically burdened and functional disability for long time. Myotherapy is one of the complementary medicine which has a great impact on the human body and this study suggested that the practice of myotherapy can decrease the pain and reduce dosage of painkiller and can improve the quality of life.
Post operative, pain, activities of daily living, stress and myotherapy.