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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2019, Volume : 12, Issue : 11
First page : ( 5285) Last page : ( 5289)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00915.6

Prevalence of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) among Indian Population

Shanmugananth E.1, Singh Sumitra2, Ahlawat Ritu3, Nambi Gopal4, Sperjan G.5, Abraham Manoj6, Manikumar7, Dev Kalindi8

1Professor, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and research Institute

2Professor in Pharmacy, Guru Jambeshwar University

3Graduate, Guru Jambeshwar University

4Assistant Professor, Salman bin abdul Aziz University

5Post Graduate, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy.

6Professor, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman

7Professor, Saveetha College of Physiotherapy.

8Assistant Professor in Physiotherapy, Guru Jambeshwar University

Corresponding Author E-mail: shankutty1981@gmail.com

Online published on 9 April, 2020.

Abstract

Introduction

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is now known as a distinct clinical entity with more consistent or consensus definitions in most international guideline documents such as the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (COLD)1. The confusion remains in the minds of medical practitioners especially at the primary care levels2.

Objective

To investigate the COPD as a major public health problem in India and call for more research to be directed towards preventive measures and efforts.

Methods

A qualitative survey study design was used to find the prevalence of COPD among Indian population. Purposive samples of 1000 people of both male and female were selected in the India. The participants were selected through ‘cluster sampling’. The samplings were collected through all Indian residence into five zones and in each zone 200 COPD questionnaires were distributed by door to door visiting. Subjects were separated by inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Data Analysis and Results

Data were analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 16 and level of significance

Conclusion

The present study concluded that there is low prevalence of COPD (9%) among Indian population whereas this differs in region wise throughout India. COPD is one of major causes of disability. The one of the major cause of COPD are pollution and lack of awareness according to our study research.

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Keywords

(COPD) chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, (FEV1) Forced expiratory volume in one second.

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