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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2019, Volume : 12, Issue : 1
First page : ( 396) Last page : ( 402)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2019.00072.6

Stress Induced Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among Industrial Workers-A Review

Prabavathy J Veena, Sangeetha R.*

Department of Biochemistry, Vels Institute of Science, Technology and Advanced Studies, Chennai-600117

*Corresponding Author E-mail: sara_dna@yahoo.co.in

Online published on 16 March, 2019.

Abstract

Objectives

To give a condensed summary of research findings on the health complications of industrial workers due to stress particularly on Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM).

Method

Abstracts of previous publications related to stress induced T2DM were collected from research database using T2DM, stress, trauma, life events and work stress as search items.

Results

The outcomes of many previous studies have revealed that stress induced T2DM were found to be prevalent among industrial workers. The conclusions of many longitudinal studies have revealed that emotional stresses, anxiety, sleeping disorder, anger hostility are the factors that accelerate the development of T2DM. Conflicting results are also found regarding childhood neglect, life events and stress that accelerate the development of T2DM. Such stress induced T2DM will lead to many complications associated with T2DM.

Conclusion

As of date as per WHO statistics 422 million people are living with DM and work related stress is said to play a part in this. Complications like CVD, vascular disease, nephritis, retinopathy and neuropathy are prevalent among Industrial workers due to work related stress. This review article highlights the outcome of many prospective studies done on the health implications of Industrial workers. More studies are required in this field to identify the mechanisms linking various forms of stress to T2DM.

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Keywords

Stress, T2DM, Glucose, Insulin, Depression.

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