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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2018, Volume : 11, Issue : 9
First page : ( 3841) Last page : ( 3847)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00703.5

Muscle Strength and Balance Training in subjects with Lateral Ankle Ligament Injury of Athletes

Kalirathinam Deivendran1,2, Hashim Hairul Anuar3, Ismail Mohamed Saat Bin4,*

1Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Physiotherapy, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Sungai Long Campus, Jalan Sungai Long, Bandar Sungai Long, Cheras-43000, Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia

2School of Health Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang, Kerian-16150, Kelantan, Malaysia

3Associate Professor and Programme Chairman, School of Health Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang, Kerian-16150, Kelantan, Malaysia

4Associate Professor, School of Health Sciences, Health Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang, Kerian, 16150, Kelantan, Malaysia

*Corresponding Author E-mail: matsaat@usm.my

Online published on 20 December, 2018.

Abstract

Balance training has been shown to be effective in preventing ankle sprainrecurrences in subjects with Lateral Ankle injury (LAI) but the biomechanical and/orneurophysiological pathways underlying the clinical outcomes are still unknown. This study wasconducted to determine if a 12-week balance training intervention can alter the mechanicalcharacteristics in ankles with LAI. Methods: fifty-two recreationally active subjects with LAI were randomized to 4 group (A, B, C, D) Group A control group (n=13) Group B BOSU Exercise training (n=13) Group C Neuromuscular training (n=13) Group D Combined intervention of B+C (n=13) Subjects in the intervention group were trained on the affected limb with static and dynamiccomponents using a training protocol for12-weeks. The ankle joint stiffness andneutral zone in inversion and eversion directions on the involved and uninvolved limbs wasmeasured at baseline, Mid, Post and post follow-up-intervention using a dynamometer. Results: There was significant interaction observed between the group across the experimental trails p=.022). Similarly, there was also a significant effect of time differences observed on muscle strength concentric-eccentric inversion120 degree (p=.000). Similarly, there was also a significant effect of time differences observed on concentric-eccentric eversion at 30 degree per second (p=.000).

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Keywords

Lateral Ligament Ankle Injury, Balance Training, Muscle Strength.

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