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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2018, Volume : 11, Issue : 8
First page : ( 3667) Last page : ( 3678)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00674.1

Role of Stem Cells in treatment of different Diseases

Diksha1, Patyar Sazal2,*

1Associate Professor, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, India

2School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara (India)

*Corresponding Author E-mail: sazal_niper@yahoo.co.in

Online published on 31 October, 2018.

Abstract

Cells after completion of their life span undergo natural death, known as programmed cell death or apoptosis. Apoptosis is the phenomenon in which dissolution of nucleus and fragmentation of cells occurs due to irreversible damage in nucleic acid and proteins that ultimately affect the constitution and functioning of cells. To lead a healthy life these damaged cells required to be maintained for proper functioning. Regenerative medicine technique is a new way of treating pathological conditions that uses specially grown tissue and cells. The major breakthrough in the stream of regenerative medicines has been the discovery of the potential capability of stem cells. Stem cells are present in body parts that have remarkable self renewal potential. Among them umbilical cord stem cells are most easily available Umbilical cord contains many stem cells that can be easily collected and stored for further treatment and the manifold capabilities of these cells have opened a new generation in health care. Blood collected from the cord for further storage and treatment use two type of public and private cord banking systems. Because of high fecundity and genetic variation in India, it has wide potential for UCB banking. To accomplish the future transplantation requirement of the country, participation from the government and establishing foundation, financial investment is the prime most things and that will ultimately enhance the cord banking in India.

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Keywords

Apoptosis, Stem cell, Regenerative medicine, Umbilical cord, Transplantation, Stem Cell banking, Cord Blood.

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