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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2018, Volume : 11, Issue : 7
First page : ( 3099) Last page : ( 3102)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00569.3

Oral Hygiene Status among Pregnant Women

Basha Farhat Yaasmeen Sadique1, Ganapathy Dhanraj2, Venugopalan Suresh3,*

1Under Graduate Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, India

2Head and Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai, India

3Department of Prosthodontics, Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences Saveetha University, Chennai, India, 162, Poonamallee, High Road, Chennai-600077, Tamil Nadu, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: sureshvbhat@gmail.com

Online published on 31 October, 2018.

Abstract

Introduction

Proper dental care during pregnancy is very important, since pregnancy causes various hormonal changes in the body that can actually increase the risk of developing gum diseases. Oral health during pregnancy can affect the developing baby and the pregnancy outcomes. Thus there is a very important link between dental hygiene and pregnancy. The most common gum diseases are gingivitis and periodontitis.

Materials and method

It was a questionnaire based study conducted with a batch of 30 pregnant women from Kancheepuram District of India. The questionnaire prepared for the survey consisted of a total of 16 questions. The information collected was then analyzed and presented in statistics. The results were then discussed.

Result

Almost 60% of the pregnant women had experienced gingivitis and periodontitis, they reported having problems in their teeth and gums, causing pain and discomfort during pregnancy and more than 50% of them said it occurred frequently while, only 15% had said they never experienced it. Approximately 70% of the women believed that pregnancy outcomes were related to oral hygiene.

Conclusion

This survey was only conducted in Kancheepuram District of India, but we can conclude that there is a need to provide oral health education for pregnant women since it is during the time of pregnancy that chances of infection increases and it may also affect the developing foetus. Thus there is a link between oral hygiene and pregnancy outcomes.

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Keywords

Pregnant women, Oral hygiene, Periodontitis, Gingivitis, Periodontal diseases, Inflammation.

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