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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2018, Volume : 11, Issue : 7
First page : ( 3036) Last page : ( 3042)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00559.0

Study of Chemical Composition and Diuretic Activity of Cherry Fruit Extract

Lenchyk Larysa V.1,*, Ovezgeldiyev Dovran2, Shapoval Olga V.3, Baiurka Sergii V.4, Ayaou Abderrahim5

1Doctor of Science (Pharmacy), Associate Professor, Department of Chemistry of Natural Compounds National, University of Pharmacy. Pushkinska, 53, Kharkov, 61002, Ukraine

2Master of Pharmacy, National University of Pharmacy, Pushkinska, 53, Kharkov, 61002, Ukraine

3PhD (Candidate) of Biological Sciences, Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacology and Prescriptions writing, Kharkiv National Medical University, Nauky Avenue, 4, Kharkiv, 61022, Ukraine

4Doctor of Science (Pharmacy), Professor Head of the Department of Drug and Analytical Toxicology, National University of Pharmacy, Pushkinska, 53, Kharkov, 61002, Ukraine

5Student of National University of Pharmacy Elsässerstrasse, 39, 4056, Basel-Switzerland

*Corresponding Author E-mail: larysa.lenchyk@gmail.com

Online published on 31 October, 2018.

Abstract

Qualitative composition and content of flavonoids and hydroxycinnamic acids in cherry (Prunus cerasus) fruits extract have been studied by HPLC, system Shimadzu LC-20 Prominence module system equipped with LC20AD quaternary pump, CTO-20A column oven, SIL-20A autosampler, SPD-M20A diode-array detector, Luna C 18 (4.6mm×150mm, i.d. 5 mkm) column from Phenomenex®. 5 phenolic compounds were identified as flavonoid glycosides and hydroxycinnamic acids: chlorogenic acid (1.88%), quercitrin (1.69%), and rutin (1.11%) in high amount. It also contains tannins: gallic acid (0.07%), and catechin (0.23%). The total amount of determined phenolic compounds in cherry extract was 4.99%. The ratio of flavonoids to hydroxycinnamic acids was 3:2. Toxicity, diuretic activity, rheological properties of blood and membrane stabilizing activity were determined. Rats were randomly divided into 2 groups: control group (given water) and experimental group (given Cherry extract). Results show diuretic, hypouricosemic, and membrane-stabilizing effects due to improvement of kidney filtration and suppressing water reabsorption, excretion of uric acid and creatinine from the body and reducing the degree of hemolysis of red blood cells and preventing damage to erythrocyte membranes. Therefore, according to our study, cherry fruit extract might potentially be used in treatment of various chronic diseases (e.g. gout).

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Keywords

Cherry, fruits, extract, hydroxycinnamic acids, flavonoids, diuretic, hypouricosemic, and membrane-stabilizing activity.

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