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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2018, Volume : 11, Issue : 6
First page : ( 2599) Last page : ( 2602)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00481.X

Assess the effectiveness of helfer skin tapping techniques on pain during vaccination intramuscular injection among the infants in primary health centre neamam

Mrs. Bhuvaneswari G.1,*, Ms. Thulasiya V.2

1Associate Professor, Saveetha College of Nursing, SIMATS, Thandalam

2B. Sc. IV year, Saveetha College of Nursing, SIMATS, Thandalam

*Corresponding Author E-mail: bhuvana.prabha1981@gmail.com

Online published on 24 August, 2018.



Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional feeling accompanying existing or impending tissue damages or reference to such damage. Pain is a common and a ubiquitous sensation for children and adult. Every child has his or her own perception of pain. The world health organisation estimates that 12 billion injections are given annually and that approximately 5% are childhood vaccinations.

Aim and Objective

This study is intended to determine the effectiveness of Helfer skin, tapping techniques on during administration vaccination intramuscular injection among infants in Primary Health Centre at Neamam.


An experimental approach designed was adopted. The study samples infants who are receiving vaccinations through intramuscular injection. The total sample size was 60, each 30 samples for control and experimental groups were selected convieniant sampling technique. Each patient was administered repeated intramuscular injections at Vastus Lateralise. Then pain level with the administration of intramuscular on during vaccination injection of traditional technique was compared with a pain level with Helfer Skin Tapping Technique. The tool developed and used for the data collection were socio demographic variables and assessment, Universal pain scale Neonatal Infant pain scale (NIPS) was used to assess the level of pain perception.


The pain perception of patients in terms of pain level of traditional technique was found to be significantly higher than the pain level of Helfer skin, tapping Technique and the experimental group decrease level of pain and show the significance at the level of P<0.05 in pooled standard deviation of the’ t’ test.


Finding of the study is help to determine the effect of Helfer skin tap techniques in reducing pain during intramuscular injection. This cane implemented by the health personnel while administering the injection. Reduction in pain during intramuscular injection would enhance case of immunization.



Intramuscular injection, helfer skin tapping techniques, pain.


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