Factors Influencing on the Spiritual well-being among Korean nursing students
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The purpose of this study was to determine the factors related to influencing on the spiritual welling among nursing students.
A purposive sample of 219 students from N university was recruited for the crosssectional survey design. The instruments were used Spiritual Well-Being (SWB) scale, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), and the Wong and Law Emotional Intelligence Scale(WLEIS) on emotional intelligence. The collected quantitative data were analyzed using SPSS WIN 22.0 program.
The level of spiritual well-being is 3.81 point (ranging 1–6) and the level of resilience is 3.62 point (ranging 1–5). The level of emotional intelligence_ total is 5.03 point (ranging1-7). It was found that there was a statistically significant difference in spiritual well-being depending on the religious affiliation (t=-9.328, p=.001). Additionally, spiritual well-being was significantly correlated with resilience (r=.437, p<.001), emotional intelligence (r=.309, p<.001) and also, resilience was significant positive correlation with emotional intelligence(r=.678, p<.001). Multiple linear regression showed that religion affiliation (ß=.544, p<.001), emotional intelligence_ use of emotion (ß=.319, p<.001), and resilience (ß=.271, p<.001) were predictors of spiritual well-being in nursing students. These variables explained 54.6% of spiritual well-being among nursing students.
The current study suggests that nursing students ’spiritual well-being could be promoted through the strengthening of resilience, emotional intelligence and religious affiliation.
Spiritual well-being, resilience, emotional intelligence, religious affiliation, nursing students.