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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2018, Volume : 11, Issue : 11
First page : ( 5130) Last page : ( 5134)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00936.8

Back Extensor Muscle Function and Osteoporotic Vertebral Fractures: A Review

Chua SK1,2, Singh DKA1,*, Rajaratnam BS3, Sabarul AM4, Lee RYW5

1Physiotherapy Program, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

2Department of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiTM MARA Selangor Branch, Puncak Alam, Malaysia

3School of Health Sciences, Nanyang Polytechnic, Singapore

4Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur

5Department of Life Sciences, University South Bank, United Kingdom

*Corresponding Author E-mail: devinder@ukm.edu.my

Online published on 30 January, 2019.


Osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVFs) are prevalent among adults with osteoporosis. Alteration in back extensor muscle function may be one of the predisposing factors of OVFs. It is vital to identify the relationship of back extensor muscle (BEM) function and OVFs to facilitate clinical management. This review presents the current understanding of a relationship between OVFs and BEM function included BEM strength, architecture, endurance and motor recruitment. After screening and limiting the search for age, and kind of BEM function and spine morphology, 33 articles were identified using PubMed, Medline, Sciences Direct, Springer link and a review of reference lists. An association between osteoporotic vertebral fractures and decline in BEM function was existed but not directly. Further prospective and larger randomized control trial of research on BEM function and OVFs are required to ensure an efficient clinical management.



Back Extensor Muscle Function, Back Extensor Muscle Strength, Osteoporotic Vertebral Fractures, Spine Morphology.


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