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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2018, Volume : 11, Issue : 10
First page : ( 4222) Last page : ( 4228)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00774.6

The Prevalence of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in the Population of 18-66-Year-Old City of Gonabad-Iran in 2016

Tavakolizadeh Jahanshir1, Safarzade Somayeh2,*

1Associate Professor, Psychology Department, School of Medicine, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran

2MA in Clinical Psychology, Methadone Maintenance Treatment Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran

*Corresponding Author E-mail:

Online published on 20 December, 2018.

Abstract

Objective

The obsessive-compulsive disorder is considered as a type of anxiety disorder, yet a heterogeneous and incongruous disorder with different subsets and a great worldwide mental health problem. The disorder has been associated to various etiology factors and early diagnosis and treatment is of great importance. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms in the population of 1866-year-old county of Gonabad in 2016.

Design

In this descriptive and analytic study, a sample of 900 hundred individuals (436 males, 464 females) from the general population of 18-66-year-old in Gonabad county were investigated through demography questionnaire, obsessive-compulsive inventory-revised scale, and Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV. After gathering the information, the data were analyzed through SPSS16 software and Chi Square Test.

Results

In the current study the prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder stated to be 2.3%. The prevalence of the disorder was more among female than males and the most and the least rate of disorder prevalence was among the age range of 18–24 and 46–52, respectively. The results of chi square test indicated that age and gender had significant relationship with obsessive-compulsive disorder (P<0.05). However, in the current study, marital status and subjects’ educational degrees had no significant relationship with obsessive-compulsive disorder (p>0.05).

Conclusions

A relatively high prevalence of obsessivecompulsive disorder in the general population of Gonabad County emphasizes the necessity of fruitful therapeutic interventions in reducing the patients’ problems and prevention programs by psychology and psychiatry experts.

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Keywords

Prevalence, Obsessive-compulsive disorder, Gonabad, Iran, Population.

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