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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2017, Volume : 10, Issue : 8
First page : ( 2704) Last page : ( 2706)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00480.2

Antibiotic Drug Utilization and Evaluation in Pediatric Patients

Maheshwari P*, Manimekalai P, Anuja P, Biar Abuk

Department of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vels University (VISTAS), Pallavaram, Chennai-600117, Tamilnadu, India

*Corresponding Author E-mail: mahe.mpharm@gmail.com

Online published on 26 March, 2018.

Abstract

Objectives

To estimate the use of antibiotics in pediatric patients and categorize them according to the pediatric population on the basis of age, gender, chief complaints received, disease diagnosed, commonly preferred dosage form, average amount antibiotics prescribed per patient.

Methods

This prospective study was conducted between December 2016 to April 2017 at “Sri Baby clinic” in Chennai. All children between 0 and 18 years who were examined because of the infectious disease that were enrolled. The population study was categorized in to several categories. Based on gender, age, chief complaints, disease diagnosed, etc. The divided population in each category is further quantified and expressed as percentage of the population. The obtained statistical data is represented in the form of pi-chart. The percentage of population falling under each category is noted and reported.

Reports

Total of 100patients. Majority of the pediatrics patient were male 53 (53%) In the study, the total percentages of male and female Pediatric patients were 53% and 47%. Study population the age was categorized into 4 groups such as Neonates (from birth-1 month), infant (1 month-24 month), child (2years-11years), adolescent (12 years-18 years). most of the children's Disease diagnosed with upper respiratory tract infections 46 (46%), and gastroenteritis 23 (23%). 4 antibiotics used 2patients (2%), 3 antibiotics used 2 patients (2%), 2 antibiotics used 29 patients (29%), 1 antibiotics used 67 patients (67%). Route of administration antibiotics, oral 84 patients (84%), parental 09 patients (9%), topical applications 12 patients (12%). Chief complaints of patients most commonly fever 47 patients (47%), cough 36 patients (36%), cold 51 patients (51%), vomiting 23 patients (23%). Most used antibiotics Cephalosporins 65%, Quinolones 16%, Beta lactam antibiotics 11% (Table 7).

Conclusion

Narrow spectrum antibiotics were prescribed for upper respiratory tract infections, Gasteroentirities, etc. This study showed that most commonly prescribing narrow spectrum antibiotics was Cephalosporins. The study highlights the need for development and implementation of relevant, diagnosis-specific prescribing of the antibiotic as per the guideline for the pediatric patients.

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Keywords

Pediatrics, antibiotics, drug utilization, cephalosporins.

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