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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2017, Volume : 10, Issue : 7
First page : ( 2379) Last page : ( 2386)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00421.8

The Effects of Bibliotherapy in Nursing Students

Ryu Young Mi1,*, Yi Myungsun2

1Department of Nursing, Baekseok University, 76 Munam-ro, Dongnam-Gu, Cheonan, Chungcheongnamdo, 31065, Korea

2College of Nursing, Seoul National University, 103 Daehak-ro, Jongno-Gu, Seoul, 03080, Korea

*Corresponding author E-mail: youngmiryu@bu.ac.kr

Online published on 17 October, 2017.

Abstract

Background/Objectives

Therapeutic nurse-patient relationship is essential in nursing practice. This study investigated the effects of bibliotherapy on self-esteem, emotional awareness, and empathy, which are required capacities for therapeutic relationship, in nursing students in Korea.

Methods/Statistical analysis

Forty one freshman nursing students were randomly assigned to the experimental group (n=21) or the control group (n=20). Eight sessions of 90-minute bibliotherapy was provided to the experimental group for 4 weeks in 2014. Rosenberg self-esteem scale, Trait Meta-mood Scale, and interpersonal reactivity index were used to measure self-esteem, emotional awareness, and empathy respectively. Descriptive statistics, χ2-test, Fisher's exact test, ttests, and ANCOVA were conducted using SPSS statistics 21.0.

Findings

Significant differences in the scores of self-esteem (t=2.108, p=.041) and emotional awareness (t=4.767, p<.001) were identified between the two groups after 4 weeks of bibliotherapy, but the levels of empathy were not significantly different between the groups (t=1.540, p=.134). However, subscale analysis of empathy showed that empathic concern was significantly different (F=9.970, t=.003). Self-awareness, self-worth, empathy, and awareness of boundaries and limits of professional role are necessary capacities to establish therapeutic nurse-patient relationships in practice. In this study, self-esteem and emotional awareness increased significantly through bibliotherapy. Therefore, bibliotherapy can be one of the methods in cultivating some of these capabilities for nursing students.

Improvements/Applications

This study suggests that bibliotherapy could be helpful for nursing students, particularly in building therapeutic relationships with patients, by promoting their self-esteem and emotional awareness.

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Keywords

Bibliotherapy, Nursing students, Self-esteem, Emotions, Awareness, Empathy.

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