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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2017, Volume : 10, Issue : 7
First page : ( 2153) Last page : ( 2156)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00379.1

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Diabetic Patients regarding Diabetic Retinopathy in a Tertiary care Hospital.

Sarumathy S1,*, Johnson Leya Annie2

1Department of Pharmacy Practice, SRM College of Pharmacy, SRM University, Kattankulathur-603203, Kancheepuram (DT), Tamilnadu, India.

2Department of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vels University (VISTAS), Velan Nagar, Pallavaram-600117, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India.

*Corresponding author E-mail: saruprabakar@gmail.com

Online published on 17 October, 2017.

Abstract

The main objective of this study was to find out the knowledge, awareness and practice among diabetic retinopathy (DR) patients at a tertiary care hospital. Diabetic retinopathy is the micro vascular complication of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) that damages the tiny blood vessels of retina that can lead to blindness. DR usually occurs due to poor management of DM and lack of knowledge on the complications of diabetes mellitus. Diabetic retinopathy patients were randomly selected and requested to fill the pretested questionnaire before and after counselling regarding diabetic mellitus and retinopathy complications. All statistical analyses were done using graph pad prism and Microsoft excel. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) scores were found to be 81.02% (knowledge), 76.19% (awareness) and 70.13% (practice) respectively after counselling. A paired t test was done to analyze the difference in KAP scores before and after counselling which showed a significant difference (p<0.0001) confirming the importance of improvement in KAP. These results suggest that awareness to DR is very important and we need to propagate aggressive and comprehensive awareness models to educate rural populations on DM and its retinopathy complications.

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Keywords

Diabetic retinopathy, knowledge, attitude, practice.

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