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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2017, Volume : 10, Issue : 10
First page : ( 3637) Last page : ( 3642)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00660.6

Investigating Types and Causes of Domestic Violence against Women and Identifying Strategies to Deal with It from the Perspective of Victims

Rahnavardi Mona1, Shayan Arezoo2, Babaei Maryam3, Khalesi Zahra Bostani4, Havasian Mohamad Reza5, Ahmadi Mahbobe6,*

1Instructor of Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti Nursing and Midwifery School, Gilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

2Instructor of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mother and child care research center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

3Instructor of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Azad University of Toyserkan Hamadan, Toyserkan, Iran

4Associate Professor of Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti Nursing and Midwifery School, Gilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

5Department of Periodontics, School of Dentistry, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran

6Instructor of Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti Nursing and Midwifery School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Corresponding Author E-mail: jmohamadi338@gmail.com

Online published on 26 March, 2018.

Abstract

Domestic violence is a global plague that destroys families and societies and threatens people's health. The present study was conducted in the city of Rasht to investigate types and causes of domestic violence along with coping strategies to deal with it from the perspective of its victims. The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 110 women referring to family courts in Rasht during the year 2014. The samples were selected using convenience sampling method. The data were collected via a questionnaire covering demographic characteristics of the subjects and the World Health Organization Violence against Women Instrument. Using the SPSS-18 software, the collected data were analyzed through descriptive statistics and repeated measures ANOVA (p<0.05). The average age of the participants was 33.94±6.92 years and the most prevalent type of domestic violence was psychological violence (44.13%), including shouting and swearing as the most common forms (n=34; 61.8%). From the perspective of women victims of domestic violence, the main causes of domestic violence were economic problems (47.3%) and drug/alcohol abuse (43.6%). A majority of the examined women (68.09%) believed that logical talk is a good strategy to reduce domestic violence. Considering the high rate of domestic violence against Iranian women, preventive measures must be included in mental health policies and resources must be dedicated to reduce the rate of violence against women. It is also important to identify the causes of violence and strategies to deal with it.

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Keywords

Domestic Violence, Causes of Domestic Violence, Women as Victims of Domestic Violence, Coping Strategies.

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