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Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology
Year : 2017, Volume : 10, Issue : 10
First page : ( 3544) Last page : ( 3548)
Print ISSN : 0974-3618. Online ISSN : 0974-360X.
Article DOI : 10.5958/0974-360X.2017.00641.2

Pharmacoelectronics and Electropharmaceutics: The Arts and Science of Electronic Drug Delivery

Narayanan V Anoop*, Charyulu R. Narayana

Department of Pharmaceutics, NGSM Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nitte University, Paneer, Mangalore, Karnataka, India-575018

*Corresponding Author E-mail: anoopvn84@gmail.com

Online published on 26 March, 2018.

Abstract

Electronics is deemed to have tremendous scope in the improvement of diagnostic and drug delivery devices. Miniaturization of microprocessors, along with development of biocompatible semiconductor materials can offer breakthrough in drug therapy tomorrow. Controlled drug delivery systems based on polymeric materials have captured the market replacing the conventional formulations. The author discuss the current development in the field of bioelectronics towards electronic drug delivery systems (EDDS) proposing the emergence of new subject specialties in the field of electronics and pharmaceutics that may be termed as ‘pharmacoelectronics’ and ‘electro pharmaceutics’. Many technological advancements like ActipatchTM, Intellicap®, Smart bandages etc are discussed. The basic electronic components incorporated in an electronic drug delivery device may be the drug reservoir, a power source, pumping system, microcontroller, various sensors for ambient temperature, pH, osmotic pressure, light, ion concentrations etc. The study of basic electronics and these electronic components may be an integral part of training for a future pharmaceutical formulation scientist.

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Keywords

Electronic drug delivery, EDDS, electronic pill, electroceuticals, tele-medicine.

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